Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is a concept of collecting tax at the very source of income. It is income tax reduced from the money paid at the time of making specified payments such as rent, commission, professional fees, salary, interest etc. by the persons making such payments. Usually, the person receiving income is liable to pay income tax. But the government with the help of Tax Deducted at Source provisions makes sure that income tax is deducted in advance from the payments being made by you. The recipient of income receives the net amount (after reducing TDS). The recipient will add the gross amount to his income and the amount of TDS is adjusted against his final tax liability. The recipient takes credit of the amount already deducted and paid on his behalf.
For example : Akme Pvt Ltd makes a payment for office rent of Rs 80,000 per month to the owner of the property. TDS is required to be deducted at 10%. Akme Pvt Ltd must deduct TDS of Rs 8000 and pay balance Rs 72,000 to the owner of the property. Thus the recipient of income i.e. the owner of the property in the above case receives the net amount of Rs 72,000 after deduction of tax at source. He will add gross amount i.e. Rs 80,000 to his income and can take credit of the amount already deducted i.e. Rs 8,000 by Akme Pvt Ltd against his final tax liability.